In the modern world, the fashion for plastic surgery has acquired the character of a mass epidemic. The stars of cinema, politics, music, public people, and ordinary citizens are simply obsessed with the idea of ??eternal youth and attractiveness. Modern methods of transformation simply shock the imagination: you can completely change the features and even the structure of the face, remove unwanted fat, change the shape and length of the legs. It seems that all these operations were invented quite recently, but, as numerous studies show, the history of plastic surgery is many thousands of years old.
Even in the III century BC, Egyptian doctors performed plastic surgeries. It is also known that special attention was paid to rhinoplasty. In order to preserve the old form after injury, the nose was inserted into the nostrils with special tampons, and when applying seams, the skin was greased with fat, which facilitated the sliding of the needle.
Also Egyptian doctors succeeded in operations to eliminate the "hare lip". During the archaeological excavations, mummies with traces of operations to eliminate this inherent defect were found.
Another interesting finding is an Egyptian mummy with traces of surgery on the auricles. In order to eliminate the ears, the patient's ears were sewn to the scalp. Experts argue that this surgical intervention ended very bad for the ancient Egyptian – he died of infection.
In this powerful state, the cult of beauty flourished. A beautiful body and face was considered a blessing of the gods, and physical defects were almost equal to a crime. Ancient Roman physician Mark Lucius left descendants with curious records. He described how he performed an operation to reduce a breast to a young man guy, the son of a famous politician. The operation ended in the death of a young man.
The Indian healer Sushata Samghita, who lived in the 6th century BC, already at that time practiced skin transplantation. He did this in order to cover the defects on his face. It is interesting that the material for transplantation was confiscated from captive enemies and criminals.
In the V century BC. the Chinese physician Bian Chue conducted successful operations on the ears and eyes. At that time, China had a ban on conducting operations. It was believed that only divine intervention is able to heal a sick person. However, Chinese surgeons were among the most skilled doctors in the ancient world. Despite the ban, they carried out operations, which today seem truly unique.
In China, operations on the transformation of the female foot were also mass-produced. Girls aged 5-6 years imposed a tight bandage on the feet. Over time, the foot was deformed, and walking alone girls could not anymore. At that time it was considered beautiful and unusually sexy. This foot was called the "leg of the lotus" and was the privilege of the aristocrats of the time. By the way, the most beautiful leg was no longer than 10 centimeters.
In the 16th century, plastic operations in Europe were very much in demand. This is not surprising, because at that time on this continent there was a huge number of local conflicts, which were accompanied by multiple injuries. However, the Catholic Church was categorically against the beginnings of physicians, and soon a ban was imposed on cosmetic operations.
It is known that the first surgery to remove fat was carried out more than 50 years ago in London. A professional dancer turned to the doctor, who complained about excessive fat deposits in the area of ??the knees and hips. A successful operation was performed, which is now considered the forerunner of modern liposuction.