A snow-white, dazzling smile gives the appearance of a person an additional attraction, contributes to his self-esteem and self-confidence. For this reason, the procedures for professional and home teeth whitening are very popular. But, when clarifying enamel at home, it is very important to use safe methods that promote the preservation of the health of teeth and gums.
Darkening of the enamel and pronounced yellowness of the teeth can be caused by a number of external factors: frequent use of drinks with food colors, strong tea and coffee; exposure to nicotine gums; long-term intake of a number of medications; excess intake of fluoride compounds; neglect of hygiene rules; the presence of internal diseases, etc.
When not to do home teeth whitening
Before you start the procedure for home teeth whitening, it is necessary to consult with the dentist, tk. you need to make sure there are no contraindications. Do not experiment if the tooth enamel is hypersensitive, the seals need reconstruction, there are gum disease or mucous membranes of the mouth.
In addition, it is inadmissible to carry out any procedures aimed at clarifying enamel in case of pregnancy, breastfeeding, underage age, in the presence of allergic reactions to hydrogen peroxide. Whitening will be unsuccessful if there are a large number of seals in the prominent places of the teeth – their color will contrast with the enamel and will attract increased attention.
Semi-professional methods of bleaching
A fairly persistent result of teeth whitening can be achieved by using universal or custom-made silicone kapami. Kapy are transparent lining on the teeth, filled with a gel based on carbamide or hydrogen peroxide. The time of the action of the gel is determined by the sensitivity of the enamel, but a drawback of the method may be irritation of the gums, a long course of application, and a number of medical contraindications.
A more delicate method of exposure is the use of special strips with a bleaching gel applied to them. The strips are individually glued on the upper and lower row of teeth, leaving for effect for half an hour. The first results are visible on the third day of application – the tone of the enamel becomes lighter, the effect persists for several months.
To remove dark plaque caused by drinking tea, coffee or frequent smoking, bleaching pencils are good. The product is in the form of a lipstick containing a gel, which has a clarifying effect on the enamel of the teeth. The disadvantage of using the method is the need to keep the mouth open for the duration of the gel and the inability of the pencil to cope with more serious pigmentation.
Means for home teeth whitening
Home remedies that exert a clarifying effect on the enamel are based primarily on mechanical cleaning of the teeth. A well-proven method is the use of wood ash or activated carbon: 2-3 tablets are kneaded with a teaspoon to form a uniform powder, add a few drops of water, the resulting mixture is applied to a damp toothbrush or cotton swab and carefully processed the surface of the teeth. The method can be used no more than 2-3 once a month.
Also an effective means of teeth whitening in the home conditions is the tea tree oil. Before applying this method, the teeth are thoroughly cleaned with a brush with a small amount of ordinary paste, after which 2-3 drops of essential oil are applied to the brush and evenly distributed over the surface of the teeth. A side effect of the method is the possible slight numbness of the gums and inner surface of the cheek.
A soft whitening agent, which does not have an abrasive effect on the enamel, is the juice of strawberry, lemon, the inside of the orange peel or banana peel. Clarification of enamel is carried out due to the influence of fruit acids, but they can cope with only small individual spots or with a slight touch of coloring drinks.
Also, home tooth whitening is often done with pastes made from a mixture of soda and hydrogen peroxide, but such methods can have a negative effect on the state of the enamel, so their use is recommended only after approval by the dentist.